Thursday, March 29, 2007

Breastfeeding and HIV-Positive Moms

Exclusive breastfeeding halves HIV infection risk for baby:
After three months, the HIV infection rate among the exclusively breastfed group was 4.04 percent.

Among the mixed group, babies who received formula milk in addition to breast milk were twice as likely to acquire HIV infection. And those who had solid food -- typically porridge -- ran 11 times the risk of infection compared with the breastfeeding-only group.

In addition, the death rate at three months among the exclusively breastfed babies was 6.1 percent; among children given replacement feeds, it was 15.1 percent.

1 comment:

Nicholas Fogelson, MD said...

The data you present runs contrary to the current CDC recommendations which is for HIV positive women to _not_ breastfeed. I would be interested in exactly what that data is. Not every study is well done. One has to look deep into the study design before one can really trust the conclusions.

These are two reliable sources regarding this topic.

Perspectives in Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Update: Universal Precautions for Prevention of Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B Virus, and Other Bloodborne Pathogens in Health-Care Settings. MMWR June 24, 1988, 37(24):377–388.

CDC. Recommendations for prevention of HIV transmission in health-care settings. MMWR 1987, 36 (supplement no. 2S):1–18S.

Both are available freely at